Diabetes is a disease which affects lots of organs and causes many complications. Diabetic wounds are one of the complications of poorly controlled diabetes that are bothersome and can lead to dangerous consequences.
Diabetes is characterized by raised blood glucose levels. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is important to maintain your blood glucose levels within normal ranges. There are various treatment options for diabetes and your doctor chooses the one which is the best for you as per your condition. You need lifestyle modifications, drugs, and sometimes insulin.
If you don’t maintain your blood sugar levels within normal limits due to non-compliance to drugs and doctor’s instructions regarding lifestyle changes, you can face complications and diabetic wounds are one of them.
Lifestyle modifications for diabetes also involves proper foot care. If you fail to take care of your feet as directed by the doctor, there is a higher risk of developing diabetic wounds. There are following things that you can do in order to promote healing of such wounds.
Adopt A Care Routine
If you are a diabetic person who is at risk of diabetic wound development or if you already have a diabetic wound, you need to follow a foot care routine to make sure that your wound doesn’t expand and new wounds don’t develop. Following are the steps that should be included in your daily foot care.
- Examine your foot daily. Diabetes decreases the sensitivity of your feet due to nerve damage. It leads to inability to localize a damaging stimulus and hence wounds go unnoticed. This is why it is important to keep an eye.
- Inspect your wound daily to see any signs of infection or spread.
- Wash your feet carefully with warm water and make sure you dry them completely, especially between toes. After that, apply some moisturizer as cracks on skin can turn into new wounds.
- Choose your footwear wisely. You need comfortable shoes that don’t hurt you anywhere. Using narrow or pointing shoes can delay the healing of wounds and can lead to new diabetic wounds too.
- Clip your toenails carefully. Improper clipping is an important source of wounds that can grow bigger. You can get help of an expert.
Control Your Blood Sugar Levels
As uncontrolled diabetes is the cause of wound development, proper healing requires controlling blood sugar levels within normal ranges for diabetic patients. For the purpose, you need to be compliant with your medications. You should also make necessary lifestyle changes like diet modifications and adoption of a walk routine etc.
Take Care Of The Wounds Without Delay
Every little wound should be taken care of. As soon as you develop a wound, start caring for it as diabetic people are at higher risk of developing infection. The wound healing is also delayed in this disease. So never ignore even a minor cut as it can turn into a big issue if left untreated.
Clean The Wound
Clean your wound with clear water and don’t apply hydrogen peroxide, iodine, soap, or any similar agents as they can irritate your wound. Apply your antibiotic ointment suggested by the doctor and cover the wound with a sterile bandage. Change your bandage regularly. Keep the surrounding skin clean. You can wash it with soap carefully.
Don’t Put Pressure On Wound
Diabetic people can often develop wound on sole of their foot. This is why there is a need to avoid pressure as it delays healing. Make sure that you avoid putting pressure on your sole or at any other spot where wound is.
Consult Your Doctor On Time
Home care of the wound is necessary for proper wound healing. However, if you realize that your wound is not being healed at all or it is expanding, contact your doctor. Never take a risk as these minor wounds can lead to amputations if not treated on time. It is also necessary to get your wound inspected from time to time by doctor.