Varicose veins is a disease of veins which typically affects one of both of the legs. Varicose veins are blue or purple in color and look dilated and enlarged. It occurs when the valves present in the venous system of the legs become faulty or incompetent, leading to accumulation of blood in superficial veins of legs rather than flowing toward the heart.
This disease does not pose any serious health hazards. However, it is always advised to get it treated in order to avoid any further problems that can be bothersome and can sometimes lead to serious health issues. (this sentence does not make sense, does it or does it not cause serious health hazards?)
Many people tend to ignore varicose veins. That is why the disease becomes chronic and causes complications. Complications, such as bleeding, eczema, and varicose ulcers etc., are troublesome and require immediate attention. Complications like pulmonary embolism can also be deadly. To avoid such problems, it is necessary to catch the disease at an early stage and get it treated. But the question is, how can you know that you are suffering from varicose veins?
Varicose veins have some very obvious symptoms that cause discomfort. As soon as you notice them, contact your doctor for advice. The following symptoms are important to notice:
Dilated and Prominent Veins on Legs
Superficial veins can often be noticed through the skin. However, normal superficial veins are not dilated or prominent. If you observe any enlarged and dilated veins of purple or blue color on your legs, then you are suffering from varicose veins. This is the most common and initial symptom of varicose veins.
Heavy and Painful Legs
This disease gives your legs a heavy feeling which is more pronounced at night or after physical activity or exercise. Additionally, you may experience constant aching in your legs as well.
Swollen Feet and Ankles
As feet and ankles are the dependent parts most of the time, they often get swollen in varicose veins (It is unclear whether you are saying the feet and ankles get the veins or just swollen). This swelling and edema can improve by lifting legs and can worsen from standing for long periods of time.
Crampy and Throbbing Pain in Legs
In varicose veins, you can often experience crampy and throbbing pain in the legs. Crampy pain usually starts once when you stand up. It gets better while lying down.
Skin Changes Over the Involved Area of Leg
Skin changes can also occur in varicose veins but they are only visible once the disease becomes chronic and it is typically a late symptom.
The skin becomes itchy, dry, and scaly over the involved area of leg. This is called venous eczema. The involved area also becomes shiny and hairless.
Discoloration of the Skin
The skin may become discolored with varicose veins. A bluish or brownish discoloration can be observed near the affected area. This also occurs when the condition becomes chronic.
It is beneficial to have your varicose veins treated in a timely manner. If it is ignored, the mild symptoms will convert into the complications of the disease. Contact your doctor as soon as you notice the earliest symptoms of varicose veins.